Appendix V School Education

 

Subject: English Grammar.

Group: Language.  Class II.  Average age: 10. Time: 20 minutes.

OBJECTS.

  1. To increase the children's power of reasoning and attention.
  2. To increase their knowledge of English Grammar.
  3. To introduce a new part of speech––preposition.

LESSON.

Step 1. Draw from the children the names of the two kinds of verbs and the difference between them, by putting up sentences on the board. Thus in the sentence 'Father slept,' 'slept,' as they know, is intransitive; therefore he could not 'slept' anything, as 'slept' cannot have an object.
Step 2. Put on the board the sentence 'Mary went,' and ask the children to try and make it more complete by adding an object. 'Mary went school' would not be sense, but' Mary went to school' would. Ask for other phrases saying where Mary went, as, for a walk, into the town, with mother, on her bicycle, by train, etc.
Step 3. Tell the children that these little words, on, in, by, for, with, etc., belong to a class of words which are very much used with intransitive verbs; they have not much meaning when used alone, yet in a sentence they cannot stand without an object. You cannot say 'Mary went in,' without saying what she went in.
Step 4. Introduce the word 'preposition,' giving its derivation. Because these little words always take objects after them, and because their place is before the object, they are called prepositions, 'pre' being the Latin word for 'before,' and 'position' another word for 'place.'
Step 5. Write on the board the definition:––'A pre-position always has an object after it.' 

Step 6. Let the children work through the following exercises:

(1) Put three objects after each of the following prepositions:––in, on, over, by, with, and from.
(2) Put three prepositions and their objects after the following:––Mary plays, Mother sits, John runs.
(3) Supply three prepositions in each of the following sentences:–– The book is __ the table. The chair is the door. I stood __ the window.
(4) Supply three subjects and verbs to each of the following prepositions and objects: __ in the garden, __ on the floor, __ by the fire.
(5) Make three sentences about each of the following, each sentence to contain an intransitive verb, a preposition and its object:––The white pony, My little brother, That pretty flower.